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25 Galician Houses 1994-2004.

Urban sprawl architectures.

Toni García.

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View table of content | View introducction | View prologue

 

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25 GALICIAN HOUSES 1994-2004, is a portrait of 25 houses built in urban sprawl territories by 25 architects. It presents the plans and sections drawn to scale and an introduction for each house written by its author together with photographs of the interior, exterior and the location, supplemented by the building cost and a list of all those taking part in the construction process.

The houses are proposals for living in new spaces and for diverse social functions and structures, predominantly new build single-family dwellings. However, there are also refurbishments, terrace houses and lofts.

This book is also a temporary document to aid in understanding the new forms of inhabiting our territory. A guide for those seeking a new house custom made to their means and needs. It aims to make the reader reflect on all the recent transformations of our territory, new ways of living and the places where this is happening; on how Galicians live, what their houses are like, how they could live better and which examples are the exceptions to the norm in the built environment around us.

220 pages
245 x 220 mm
Galician-English-Spanish
Prologue: Alexander Tzonis
3 articles with 55 colour illustrations
25 houses, Plans, aerial views and 377 colour illustrations
Paperback with flaps
ISBN 8493460400
35 €

Indice

Prologue - Alexander Tzonis (Download)
Index - 25 Casas de Galicia
Introduction: Toní García (Download)

TXT-01 - Los territorios de la Urbanización difusa
TXT-02 - La casa popular contemporanea
TXT-03 - Reunir los fragmentos

CO-01 - Casa para Vendedora e Ingeniero
CO-02 - Casa para Biologa e Ingeniero
CO-03 - Casa para un Enfermero
CO-04 - Casa para diseñadora de interiores y publicista
CO-05 - Casa para un Doctor
CO-06 - Casa para un Abogado
CO-07 - Casa para una Editora
CO-08 - Casa para un Autista
CO-09 - Casa para una familia numerosa
CO-10 - Casa para una sociolóloga
CO-11 - Casa para una Diseñadora y un Montador de TV
CO-12 - Casa para dos Maestras

LU-01 - Casa para un Director comercial
LU-02 - Casa para un Constructor de bloques
LU-03 - Casa para Pintor y Arquitecto

PO-01 - Casa para Maestra y Doctor
PO-02 - Casa para Decoradora y Arquitecto
PO-03 - Casa para dos Maestros
PO-04 - Casa para dos Educadores
PO-05 - Casa para dos Doctores
PO-06 - Casa para un Língüista

OU-01 - Casa para un Coronel del Ejército
OU-02 - Casa para un Psicólogo
OU-03 - Casa para Diseñadora y Constructor
OU-04 - Casa para dos Biólogos

25 GALICIAN HOUSES 1994-2004. Urban sprawl architectures
Toni García*

… A people is in a state of insomnia when the sum total of its dreams has diminished considerably. Ismaíl Kadaré, “The Palace of Dreams”


Introduction.
From the second half of the 20th century onwards, we have lived an intense and accelerated process of urbanization on a global scale. It has spread to large areas of land between cities and regions, extending urban models to rural land, propagating urban values, behaviour patterns and production systems throughout the territory.

At the start of the 21st century land is still used in an extensive way, as the importance of distances decreases and regions tend to become more global places than local ones. Among other consequences, this phenomenon brings about an increase in people’s mobility which results in the disappearance of the limits between the urban and rural condition, as well as a rise of suburbanization and urban pressure on the land.

It could be said that more and more territory is being developed at an ever increasing pace by means of a fragmentary, diffuse mode of occupation. Towns and cities play a primary role in this process, providing the tertiary sector activities where services and facilities not found across the territory are concentrated. More pressure is put on non urban land by residential functions and other facilities requiring large amounts of space not available in urban areas.

These new territories of urban diffusion are full of dispersed urban activities, with no formal or functional structure. They are sometimes referred to as non-spaces, where the city is no longer present to provide a framework and where nature and the landscape have lost their identities to a great extent. We live in many such places, where new dwellings are being built and new generations of citizens are growing up.

Technological and economic progress is translating urban functions and activities, which no longer can be developed in towns, to rural land and, in order to satisfy the demands, adopting diffuse urbanization as its territorial model. In economic terms, the cost of this kind of urban expansion is very high. Such low density construction disrupts territorial equilibrium; it is just consumption of space which reduces agricultural and wooded land, gives rise to “artificial” natural areas and new land uses which are not integrated and erode the former territorial stability.

To a greater or lesser extent, the phenomenon of urban diffusion, which can be defined as the extension of urbanization and specialization to the rural medium, is repeated as if it were the “landscape” of the heralded global economy, be it in peripheral areas which have a less established practice of territorial planning such as Galicia, or other areas that do. Our future development, the stability of the environment and the habitability of our towns and cities depend on our understanding and management of this social phenomenon.

Little or nothing is told of how and when this process began, of who is responsible for it, of what its consequences in the future may be and whether it is the best option to make a place habitable. We do not demand to know and when the future is mentioned there is no concern for the territorial model and its management is not queried.